First mentioned by Kalbhaum in 1863, and better known by Kraepelin's descriptions in 1912, paraphrenia seems to be forgotten after the publication of DSM-III. It is always described by its nosology, late onset, with very systematized delirium and typical theme, without losing too much contact with reality.
In general, it seems to have been fused with schizophrenia, persistent delirium, affective paraphrenia, and paranoid affection. Commonly described among delirium and schizophrenia.
ICD-10 includes it in F22 as a type of persistent delusional ideas, in ICD-9 included in paranoid states. It is not included in DSM-IV or DSM-V.
There are plenty descriptive studies, but few reviews with a focus on paraphrenia.
- Can anyone find a well-focused and detailed experimental review or trial?
- Do psychology / psychiatry associations claim it?
- Are there manuals that address it in diagnosis or didactically (not in general form but with detailed author)?
- Are there any authors especially focused on this disorder?
1. I am not interested in medication;
2. I am not interested in comorbidities such as paranoid affection (described as very characterized by a characteristic affection and there is some confusion with directly paranoid affection, affective paraphrenia).
3. I am not interested whether it appears to be closely related to paranoid schizophrenia (confusion due to systematized delirium).