Consider the following five "things":

science | philosophy | religion | spirituality | politics

I have no training in psychology beyond high school Psych 101 long ago. I would like to know how a cognitive scientist or psychologist would likely define or categorize these things.

For example, would a psychologist call them "disciplines" or something else?

My grouping may not be the most logical. For example, some people may treat religion and spirituality as the same thing, while others might exclude either or both from the group. Politics is another strange one, as it draws from all the other groups.

In summary I'm jut trying to get a social scientist's perspective on this so I can better analyze, research and write about them.


I see where you're coming from, I would argue that they are all based around ideologies or philosophies and to disband the "philosophy" heading in favour of another title.

  • $\begingroup$ Interesting. I upvoted your response and may later choose it as the correct answer. I have to spend some time thinking about the terms you suggest, though. To me "ideology" suggests a political belief, while "philosophy," in the broad sense of the term, suggests (to me) a personal choice or viewpoint, whereas I think of science, in particular, as something concrete. There are many different angles to approach this from, though. $\endgroup$ – David Blomstrom Mar 7 '17 at 0:40

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