I'll update this answer as I come across more papers, but here:
Alves, H., Voss, M. W., Boot, W. R., Deslandes, A., Cossich, V., Salles, J. I., & Kramer, A. F. (2013). Perceptual-Cognitive Expertise in Elite Volleyball Players. Frontiers in Psychology Front. Psychol., 4. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00036
The goal of the current study was to investigate the relationship
between sport expertise and perceptual and cognitive skills, as
measured by the component skills approach. We hypothesized that
athletes would outperform non-athlete controls in a number of
perceptual and cognitive domains and that sport expertise would
minimize gender differences. A total of 154 individuals (87
professional volleyball players and 67 non-athlete controls)
participated in the study. Participants performed a cognitive battery,
which included tests of executive control, memory, and visuo-spatial
attention. Athletes showed superior performance speed on three tasks
(two executive control tasks and one visuo-spatial attentional
processing task). In a subset of tasks, gender effects were observed
mainly in the control group, supporting the notion that athletic
experience can reduce traditional gender effects. The expertise
effects obtained substantiate the view that laboratory tests of
cognition may indeed enlighten the sport-cognition relationship.
It isn't a precise confirmation of the statement; after all, it only finds a relationship between cognitive control and expertise in a particular domain. But it definitely supports the statement.
This article here:
Voss, M. W., Kramer, A. F., Basak, C., Prakash, R. S., & Roberts, B. (2009). Are expert athletes ‘expert’ in the cognitive laboratory? A meta-analytic review of cognition and sport expertise. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24(6), 812-826. doi:10.1002/acp.1588
performs a whole meta-analysis on athlete expertise and cognitive performance and offers a lot of results confirming increased attentional performance, but specifically states (in the year 2009!):
we found no studies that have examined classic executive function
measures such as task-switching, dual task performance, or inhibition
The article found here found that:
Fencing experience and physical fitness facilitate a person's ability
to withhold action when necessary. The interactive nature of aerobic
fitness and sport expertise on action inhibition suggests that
cognitive control benefits most from the combination of physical and
mental training compared to when each is administered singly.
and I think I'm bored now! Hope this helps.