Often when I'm reading theoretical neuroscience publications, such as "Towards an integration of deep learning and neuroscience", as well as "Memory and the Computational Brain", theorists often mention the importance of content-addressable memories. They are defined as follows in the former publication:
Content addressable memories are classic models in neuroscience. Most simply, they allow us to recognize a situation similar to one that we have seen before, and to “fill in” stored patterns based on partial or noisy information, but they may also be put to use as sub-components of many other functions.
Is the Associative Memory often used in SPA-based models, such as the model used in "Biologically Plausible, Human-Scale Knowledge Representation", the same thing as a content-addressable memories?