In Christian tradition, there are said to be "seven deadly sins": Lust, Gluttony, Greed, Sloth, Wrath, Envy, and Pride.
In Catholicism specifically, there are sometimes said to be seven virtues, each sin having an opposite: Chastity, Temperance, Charity, Diligence, Patience, Kindness, and Humility.
In a sense, this is a personality model. (Each sin/virtue duality can be thought of as a spectrum, with the sin lying at one end, and the virtue at the other. In the middle would be the "average" soul.)
In psychology, the "Big Five" traits come to mind, with the acronym "OCEAN": Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism.
What other major personality models are out there that use 3-9 axes (plural of axis) to describe an individual's personality?
Related questions that floated about:
- The 7 Deadlies and Hormones/Receptors
- Why are the Big 5 not orthogonal?
- Connections between theories of personality
Other clues (quotes and links:)
Big Five Wiki on the context of the Big Five:
The Big five personality traits was the model to comprehend the relationship between personality and academic behaviors.
Tao Te Ching, Chapter 15:
Hesitant, like crossing a wintry river
Cautious, like fearing four neighbors
Solemn, like a guest
Loose, like ice about to melt
Genuine, like plain wood
Open, like a valley
Opaque, like muddy water
- Wisdom and Knowledge
- Adrenergic (Epinephrine/Norepinephrine)