I was reading about Panama leaks and I was wondering why do people keep their wealth secret? What's the psychology behind it?
With wealth comes required security, at least if you value your existence and temporary stay on this earth. Also, like the first comment stated, a lot of wealth is hidden, usually (my personal opinion at least) for means of not paying taxes or something along those lines.
Quiet simply: loss aversion
People are adverse to loss, the majority of people who are wealthy pay into a system they get little direct benefit from, in comparison to poorer people who tend to get back what they put in or more depending on circumstance. However the rich, and everyone else, benefit from being in wealthy westernised societies with higher levels of tax, because people have more money in these countries. It is the tax system which allows these countries to develop their citizens, poor countries have lower levels of education and poor infrastructure as a result of low taxation and poor distribution of expenditure. However people do not calculate costs and indirect benefits together..."individuals bracket indirect benefits and costs separately. This is the case when the primitive utility function"..."satisfies the decomposability property (Tversky and Kahnemann, 1991)" Alesinay and Passarelliz (2015). Basically as indirect benefits are not calculated directly from costs individuals will look to avoid loss, its quiet natural to avoid loss. If you think about inheritance tax, money and property that have already been taxed are taxed again, surely an individual should be able to decide what to do with their property? Of course the state would agree for redistributing wealth for the benefit of society. Although this would seem unfair to the individual who saved in comparison to those that spent all they had. The point is that its just as easy to justify tax avoidance as it is to promote taxation, we could easily get into the principles of collectivism and individualism here but that is for the politics and philosophy areas of stackexchange.