I was sitting in a restaurant when I realized that it was relatively easy to read this list of a few locations in inverted English script. It made me curious about how it is possible to read this with such ease. It also seems that since these names may be familiar, I might just be engaging in "inverted image" recognition since the normal 'whole image' (e.g. Boston) seems so familiar. Perhaps if these locations were not familiar, it would be slightly harder to process the text.
I was conflicted between posting this in this or in the Linguistics StackExchange but felt that this would be more relevant since there will be multiple perspectives from those interested in neuroscience, psycholinguistics, machine learning and natural-language processing.
A search on the internet seemed to give a lot of instances of the freak-phenomenon of 'mirror writing' and the well-known phenomenon of irrelevance of spelling in comprehension. Furthermore, it is important to notice that this is different from writing of those who are diagnosed with Dyslexia who process language differently (the writing is whole-wise flipped as opposed to individually). However, there seemed to be a dearth of information on this topic in particular. Of course, I am not interested in one-word instances, another example would be like this.
My questions are :-
Are there any good experiments on the phenomenon of processing inverted text ?
Although very little is understood about the neuroscience of language, are there any neurolinguistic perspectives on this phenomenon?
What are the underlying mechanisms hypothesized by the quoted papers in processing such text?
Does there seem to be any evidence of rule-based processing
(e.g. flipping each letter individually)