I'm having a hard time determining if synchrony (I'm talking about the type described in reference to the visual cortex as seen here and less about synaptic plasticity which also involves synchrony) based explanations are opposed or integrate-able with the NEF.
I seem to be only able to find evidence that the NEF is opposed to this type of explanation. The visual system of the Spaun (which is kind of the flagship model for the NEF) doesn't seem to use or exhibit synchrony. Additionally, Eric Crawford's research on knowledge representation also seems to only criticize the synchronous approach.
However, it does seem that synchrony has a lot of empirical evidence, according to "Neural Synchrony in Cortical Networks".
Can the NEF and synchrony work together somehow?